Using English in the English Classroom (UEEC) for Elementary Teachers – December

The 411 on this training program ….

Date(s) : December 13th ~ 15th and 17th, 2022

Number of Trainees: 60 Elementary Teachers

Location: Online via Zoom

This is what we got comin’ at you for December:

Storybook Crash Course: Get Started with Reading in the EFL Classroom

Instructor : Autumn Wright

The elementary school English textbook can be hard to get through for teachers and students. In this module, an alternative to the English textbook, story books, will be presented and discussed so trainees can have ideas about how to utilize them as a fun way to learn English and access to resources so they can develop their lessons.

a girl lying down while reading a storybook

colleagues shaking each other s hands

Building the Collaborative Skill in the Elementary EFL Classroom

Instructor : Betsey Norman

Building collaboration is more than just putting students together. If this was the case, then collaboration would happen more often. There are tips and techniques to consider when trying to make any assignment or project collaborative. This module takes into consideration a variety of issues when getting students to work together for a common goal.


Presentation Skills for Teachers and Students

Instructor : Chris Sanders

Presentation skills are important to have and needs to be developed. This module provides tips and techniques of how to present well. A variety of issues (body language, voice, eye contact, etc) will be discussed. In addition, trainees will practice their skills so they are able to be confident when in their classes.

woman wearing beaded white necklace

neon signage

Idioms in Elementary Education

Instructor : Eric Flynn

Idioms and proverbs are not only a fun way to learn language, but also a fun way to learn culture. In this module, trainees will be exposed to lots of idioms, their meanings, and uses in context. It would not be a teaching methodology program if there wasn’t any activities and resources that can help teach idioms and proverbs to elementary school students. Trainees definitely will get those too.


Eco Education in the Elementary Classroom

Instructor : Kristina Kauss

The environment is a popular theme in Korean English textbooks. Using the environment as a theme, trainees will learn about theme-based learning and project-based assessment along with many ideas, samples and resources will be shared.

brown field and blue sky

This is the last GIFLE English program of 2022!! If you were not able to take our training programs this year, then make sure to check us out in 2023. We will update our 2023 Program Calendar soon or you can visit our Korean site for more information.

2022 Using English in English Class (UEEC) Program for Secondary English Teachers – December

What’s this program all about?

SUEEC, as we like to call it, is a teaching methodology-based training program specifically for Secondary English Teachers in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. We encourage all middle and high school English subject teachers to register for this program in order to enhance their knowledge of teaching tips and techniques and attain cool, free lesson ideas and concepts.

We’ve got five different modules coming at you this November, which you can read about below.

old audio cassette on tape recorder

Pop Culture in the English Classroom

Instructor: Autumn Wright

Teens these days spend their days immersed in pop culture, and it’s therefore a super powerful tool to bring into the language learning classroom! In this module, we’ll go over why and how to bring different of elements of pop culture into the English classroom. We’ll mostly focus on practical writing activities you can do with your students that are both fun and engaging. This module is all about meeting students at their own level with their own interests – and how doing so makes the teacher’s job easier, as well.


close up photography of smartphone icons

Critical Media Literacy in the Global Classroom

Instructor: Betsey Norman

Via Youtube, Facebook, Instagram, and other social media sites, we are constantly surronded with information. How do you know what is fact and opinion? How do you know what is true or false? The answers to these questions along with how to teach critical thinking and media literacy to EFL students will be dealt in this module.


person using macbook pro on table

Creative Writing and Writing Assessment

Instructor: Chris Sanders

Many teachers are familiar with teaching the five paragraph essay. They need to cover introduction, body, conclusion, topic sentences and so on. Instead of teaching this academic style of writing, trainees will learn about various ways to teach creative writing and discuss how to assess these types of assignments.


politician holding loudspeaker

Opinion Expression in Products, Media and Services

Instructor: Eric Flynn

Expressing opinions is an important facet of social interaction in any culture. It is especially important in English-speaking countries, where a large amount of focus in placed on the individual’s thoughts regarding pop culture, products, services, and more. A simple glance at YouTube will reveal just how much time is dedicated to expression of one’s opinions on everything from video games to fast food. This module is intended to equip teachers with all the tools needed to make their students adept at expressing their opinions in speaking, writing, and online.


worms eyeview of green trees

Eco Education in English Class

Instructor: Kristina Kauss

In most Korean textbooks, there is a section that deals with the environment. Even though each textbook might deal with subject of the environment in a different way, teachers can have a set of activities, assignments, projects and forms of assessment that they can use. This module will offer ideas on the various methods that a teacher utilize when teaching about the environment.


The time, place and people …

Date(s) : Tuesday, December 6th ~ Thursday, Decmber 8th, 2022

Saturday, December 10th, 2022

Location : Live Online Classes via Zoom

Number of Trainees : 60 Secondary English Teachers

As always, if you’re interested in taking this (or any!) of our training programs here at GIFLE, you can register over on our Korean site. We hope to see you soon.

Using English in the English Classroom (UEEC) for Elementary Teachers – November

This is what we got comin’ at you for November:

Quick Writing Activities for the Elementary EFL Classroom

Instructor : Autumn Wright

Ideally, teachers would like to spend lots of time on constructing the perfect lesson for their students. Sometimes, there just isn’t enough time to think through every aspect of a lesson. Teachers need something quick and easy. Trainees will learn some tips and techniques for teaching writing that can be applicable in most Korean textbook units.


Extensive Reading Tools and Tips for the Elementary EFL Classroom

Instructor : Betsey Norman

How can teachers motivate their students to enjoy reading in a second language? This is a question that teachers have had to struggle with for a while. This module tackles this issue with presentations, discussions and suggestions on how to internally motivate students to enjoy reading in English.


How to Use Gamification to Enhance Activities in the Classroom

Instructor : Chris Sanders

What if students are having fun in English class without play games? Many teachers might feel this might be an impossible task but there are methods of gamifying activities or lessons without calling them games. This modules shows you those ways to make lessons fun and engaging without actually setting up and playing games. But you will also get games too (Don’t worry.)


Phonics Methods and Activities

Instructor : Eric Flynn

In this module, teachers will be introduced to phonics and how to teach them to elementary students of all grades. Teachers will be receive lots of ideas and share information on how to teach students how to sound out and/or read English letters and/or words.


Speaking Activities for the Elementary Classroom

Instructor : Kristina Kauss

The above modules have dealt with subjects of reading, writing, games and phonics. This one is the speaking module. Teachers will be exposed to many speaking activities and ways to motivate students to speak in English as much as they can.


Program Information

Date(s) : November 14th ~ 17th and 19th, 2022

Number of Trainees: 60 Elementary Teachers

Location: Online via Zoom (Nov. 14 ~ 17) and off-site location (Nov. 19)

The other round of EUEEC will take place in December, so if you couldn’t make it to the November training, we hope to see you in December or in 2023. As always, you can find more information and sign up on our Korean site.

2022 English Conversation Teachers (ECT) Program

What is learned during the ECT Program?

This program is a teaching methodology-based training program specifically for English Conversation Teachers in Gyeonggi province. All elementary and secondary English subject teachers are encouraged to register for the training program in order to enhance their knowledge of teaching tips and techniques and/or attain lesson ideas and concepts.

This year’s program consists of 5 different modules. The trainees will choose 4 out of 5 modules of their choice. The choices are explained below:

  1. Adapting Activities for Low Level and Multicultural Students (Autumn Wright)

Course Description :

In the Korean EFL classroom, there are two sets of students who can easily get left behind: those with low levels of English and/or those with low levels of Korean. In this module, we’ll discuss how to create and adapt activities for both groups. We’ll go over differentiation and other techniques you can easily implement in your own classroom to make sure every child has the chance to succeed.

2. Connecting Vocabulary Across Units in the Lower Grade Elementary EFL Classroom (Betsey Norman)

Course Description :

In order to keep vocabulary in our long term memory, we need to use it. But often, elementary students use the vocabulary they learn once or twice but then move on to the next set of words. In this module, we will explore how to connect the vocabulary students already know to new vocabulary utilizing authentic projects and activities.

3. Project Ideas for After School Classes (Chris Sanders)

Course Description :

Like all teachers in Gyeonggi Province, English Conversation Teachers may be asked to provide after school instructions at their respective schools. During this time, they may or may not have a set curriculum for them to teach. What should they teach? How can they manage the students during these classes? These are some questions that will be discussed during this module. Tips and techniques on how to design and implement curriculum for after school classes will be presented so the trainees can immediately utilize them in their classroom setting.

4. Effective Classroom Dynamics (Eric Flynn)

Course Description :

Teaching English is about more than just making students better at reading, writing, and speaking. English teachers also need to know proper ways to give feedback to students, strategies for managing group work, how much Korean to use in the classroom, and much more. This module will present teachers with a wide variety of tips to help maximize the effectiveness of their lessons and ultimately equip their students with the tools and mindsets needed for a successful future.

5. Theme-based Learning: Connecting Units with Long-term Themes (Kristina Kauss)

Course Description :

This module will be a step by step guide to theme-based learning. Discussions and presentations will be developed on the idea of how to create theme-based learning in the Korean elementary and secondary education context. Benefits and challenges will be presented along with concrete examples of lessons and projects that have been previously done. Through these discussions, presentations and examples, trainees will be able to create their own ideas on how to create theme-based learning lesson series and teach it in their classrooms.

Program Details

Date(s) : Monday, November 7th ~ Thursday, November 10th, 2022

Saturday, November 12, 2022

Location : Live Online Classes via Zoom

Number of Trainees : 60 elementary and/or secondary English Conversation Teachers

2022 Using English in English Class (UEEC) Program for Secondary English Teachers – November

What’s this program all about?

SUEEC, as we like to call it, is a teaching methodology-based training program specifically for Secondary English Teachers in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. We encourage all middle and high school English subject teachers to register for this program in order to enhance their knowledge of teaching tips and techniques and attain cool, free lesson ideas and concepts.

We’ve got five different modules coming at you this November, which you can read about below.

Pop Culture in the English Classroom

Instructor: Autumn Wright

Teens these days spend their days immersed in pop culture, and it’s therefore a super powerful tool to bring into the language learning classroom! In this module, we’ll go over why and how to bring different of elements of pop culture into the English classroom. We’ll mostly focus on practical writing activities you can do with your students that are both fun and engaging. This module is all about meeting students at their own level with their own interests – and how doing so makes the teacher’s job easier, as well.


Thematic Reading in the EFL Classroom

Instructor: Betsey Norman

In this module, trainees will explore theme-based reading units and how they can help integrate extensive reading into a multi-level classroom. Trainees will engage with the strategies and tools that can be used in conjunction to the TBRI curriculum framework. By the end of the course, trainees will be able to create their own TBRI unit that can be adapted to fit their classroom student proficiency levels and needs.


Essential English for Secondary Classrooms

Instructor: Chris Sanders

This module will look at the need for supplementary essential English classes alongside the current curriculum. We will explore the types of English that can be utilized, implementation and strategies to teach it to students in class. Practice at developing and using essential English activities will be available to the trainees, as well as resources to help choose essential English and incorporate it.


Critical Opinion Expressions

Instructor: Eric Flynn

Expressing opinions is an important facet of social interaction in any culture. It is especially important in English-speaking countries, where a large amount of focus in placed on the individual’s thoughts regarding pop culture, products, services, and more. A simple glance at YouTube will reveal just how much time is dedicated to expression of one’s opinions on everything from video games to fast food. This module is intended to equip teachers with all the tools needed to make their students adept at expressing their opinions in speaking, writing, and online.


Changing Perspectives in the Secondary Classroom

Instructor: Kristina Kauss

In this module, we look at different ways to stimulate active learning with the goal of getting students to participate in discussions and task-based learning in the classroom. We look at regular learning exercises and how to transform them into engaging and challenging activities that even your lowest level students can participate in; though, some students may need extra encouragement.


The time, place and people …

Date(s) : Tuesday, November 1st ~ Thursday, November 3rd, 2022 (online)

Saturday, November 5th, 2022 (in person)

Location : Live Online Classes via Zoom and at GIFLE

Number of Trainees : 60 Secondary English Teachers

As always, if you’re interested in taking this (or any!) of our training programs here at GIFLE, you can register over on our Korean site. We hope to see you soon.

2022 EPIK Teacher Training Program

What is the EPIK Teacher Training Program?

From October 25th to October 27th, around sixty EPIK teachers in Gyeonggi will have the opportunity to participate in the teacher training program. This year, our EPIK teacher training is hosted on online via Zoom. At the training program, teachers will have the opportunity learn and share ideas about teaching methods and the Korean school environment. They also will acquire teaching tips and techniques they can use in their own classroom. Best of all, the EPIK teachers had the opportunity to meet and network with each other.

We really hope you enjoy everything we’ve planned for this training program. Possibly in the future, we will be able to schedule and organize an in-person training program.

Curriculum

Our instructors at GIFLE worked hard to prepare a variety of diverse course offerings for our EPIK trainees. For the 2022 EPIK Teacher Training Program, five different modules were offered. Trainees will have the opportunity to take all five modules.

Detailed information and Course Materials can be viewed here.


Korean Educational Policy and Curriculum Standards – Autumn Wright

In this module, trainees will learn about the curriculum standards and policy surrounding English education in South Korea. They will discuss the education climate as well as the situations in their own schools. Finally, they will learn how to find and adapt supplemental materials for their classrooms following the discussed educational policy and standards.


Diversity and Inclusion – Betsey Norman

Trainees will be engaging with multicultural education policy and practice in South Korea and exploring best practices in diversity and how they can relate to the South Korean context. Discussion and analysis of diversity and inclusion in South Korea will be supplemented by tools, model activities and the creation of a multicultural education plan for action.


Writing Lessons and Activities – Chris Sanders

This module will look at various writing strategies that EPIK teachers can implement in their classes as well as types of writing, such as academic or creative. We will also explore assessments for writing. Trainees can discuss designing syllabi, lesson plans and choosing objectives for writing classes. 


Verbal Scaffolding Strategies – Eric Flynn

Verbal scaffolding is a rudimentary technique crucial to getting students to produce English. However, we often fail to consider or utilize this strategy as much as we should. This module will help bring greater awareness to this technique and hone trainees’ skill in implementing it. 


Vocabulary Building Strategies and Tools – Kristina Kauss

This module provides trainees with tips, discussions and resources for identifying, using and reinforcing vocabulary learning skills. Included are adaptable classroom tasks and tools, as well as edu tech tools and other resources. 

2022 English Conversation Program Round 2

What is the English Conversation Program (ECP)?

The English Conversation Program (ECP) is a two week program for teachers in any elementary, middle, or high school in Gyeonggi Province who want to improve their English proficiency skills. The goals of the program are to enhance English language skills by learning about different topics, cultivate cultural knowledge of English-speaking countries, and, of course, to develop motivation and interest to further study English.

This year, we’ll have a few different rounds of ECP – the first one took place in the spring and the second one happened in October. Sadly, the English Conversation Program is over for this year, but next year (2023) we’ll be offering at least a few rounds of it. Follow us over on LinkedIn or check out our Korean website for more up-to-date information about this program; it sells out seats faster than a BTS concert so you’ll need to act quickly!

What kind of courses do you offer in the ECP?

We’re offering three different levels of courses this year. You can read more about each course below

Beginner Level Class: Interaction of the Week with Eric Flynn and Kristina Kauss


In the beginner-level class, trainees will learn the basics of English conversation and interaction from experienced educators Eric and Kristina. Trainees will go from giving basic introductions all the way to giving opinions. Along the way they’ll talk about weather and sports, give directions, and order food from cafes and restaurants.

To sample the materials for this course, click here.

Intermediate Level Classes: Coffee Shop English with Autumn Wright and Chris Sanders


In this course, we’ll go over practical English that you could overhear at any coffee shop in an English-speaking country, with topics like health, pop culture, and family. We’ll learn new vocabulary, idioms, and ways to communicate in an authentic, modern way. Every week we’ll incorporate a game or activity to help you learn the new vocabulary and idioms in fun, engaging ways.

To sample the materials for this course, click here.

Advanced Level Class: Current Events and Contemporary Issues with Betsey Norman


In the advanced level class, trainees will explore deep topics and relevant issues. They will then discuss their opinions, as well as gain new insights provided by the course content.

To sample the materials for this course, click here.

Professional Development Program for Secondary English Teachers

The When, Where, and How Many?

Date(s) : Saturday, September 11, 2021 / Tuesday, September 14th ~ Thursday, September 16th, 2021

Location : Live Online Classes via Zoom

Number of Trainees : 60 Secondary English Teachers

What was the Professional Development Program for Secondary English Teachers?

This program was a teaching methodology-based training program specifically for Secondary English Teachers in Gyeonggi province. All middle and high school English subject teachers were encouraged to register for the training program in order to enhance their knowledge of teaching tips and techniques and/or attain lesson ideas and concepts.

This year’s program was divided into two tracks. The trainees got to choose a theme to learn – either based on literature or 21st century stills. Trainees then focused on learning content, sharing and discussing ideas and creating a rough draft of lessons. The tracks are explained below:

1.Literature-based Performance-based Assessment (Angie Lee, Autumn Wright, Eric Flynn)

To view the pre-assignment, click here.

Course Description :

It is virtually every teacher’s dream that they have passionate readers for students, but that is rarely the case – especially in the EFL classroom. In this module, we’ll look at different tools and tricks to get your students reading (and enjoying it!), practical assessments surrounding literature you can do in class, and finally, how to accurately grade your students using hand-crafted rubrics.

2. 21st Century Skills : Collaboration, Critical Thinking, Creativity (Betsey Norman)

To view the pre-assignment, click here.

Course Description :

The current era in which we live in a fast-paced one that requires certain core skills in order to succeed. In this module, we’ll look at some skills – primarily, creativity, collaboration, and critical thinking – that are absolutely essential to both the 21st century student and workplace. We will talk about how to utilize and craft these skills in our own EFL classrooms, and how to help students achieve their full potential.

Zoom Teaching Tips: How to Present Information Better

Online teaching has become a necessary part of school life during the ongoing Coronavirus pandemic. If we were to break it down, there are three models of online teaching that are viable in most cases: the synchronous model, the asynchronous model, and blended.

In the first method – the synchronous model – teachers and students use Zoom or Google Meet to teach students face-to-face and in real time via a computer. The second way of online teaching, the asynchronous model, has the teacher provide educational materials in a Google Classroom and lets students view the materials on their own time. The students then studies the material, completes the assignments and uploads them on Google Classroom or another LMS. The final model is blend between synchronous and asynchronous model where Google Classroom is used along with online classes with Zoom or Google Meet.

In today’s blog post, we’re going to discuss some tips that you can use in all three of these models for classroom success.

Zoom Tips for Classroom Success

Here at GIFLE, we have been mostly using Zoom to do synchronous online training programs and classes, namely our school visit program and the English Conversation Program. As a coordinator observing, managing, administrating and teaching these programs, the following are a few observations I had about doing classes through Zoom. However, as mentioned, these tips can also prove useful for those doing asynchronous or blended methods as well.

Bigger Text, Readable Fonts, Clear Pictures

The above PowerPoint slide was used in a class that I taught about US Culture. When making the slide, I thought all the text and pictures would be visible to the students.

That was not the case, and trying to use fonts that were too small interrupted my entire lesson.

When teaching in in-person class, this slide might be visible because you have a big projector screen or big screen TV. The small fonts and numbers might look fine to you when you’re making it, but on a Zoom shared screen, these are no longer visible. When making teaching material, teachers need to be aware of their presentations from a student’s perspective. Visual presentations need to be visible, clear and readable. Without these things, students will no longer be focusing on the lesson. Instead, they will be attempting to comprehend the visual content. Time spent on figuring out the pictures or text on a PowerPoint slide is time spent away from learning necessary content.

It Takes Longer to Do Things Online

Photo by Cats Coming on Pexels.com

When we teach in in-person classes, there is freedom of movement. You give instructions on an activity, you can teach some and then you can quickly move onto another task. Done.

However, with Zoom online classes, each action requires time expended. If you want to put students in breakout rooms, you need to press the breakout room button, make the breakout rooms, and provide instructions on getting into the breakout room and what to do once students are in there. Once they are done, you have to close all breakout rooms and wait until everyone leaves. Then you can continue on with your class. All these steps are done just to use the breakout room function.

Another example would be doing an interactive activity using non-Zoom software like Google Slides or Jamboard. With these, there is an added step of explaining the software and what to do with the software. All time spent on explaining and using different software and function is usually longer than expected. Some students can understand the technology quicker than others. To figure things out will take some time. So when planning for activities or tasks in lessons, account for more time spent moving from one thing to another.

Need to be Animated on the Screen

The above picture is a screen shot of a Zoom class where I shared my PowerPoint presentation. This is a common occurrence in most Zoom classes; the PPT takes up most of the screen, and you yourself are a mere tiny box. If a teacher does not move and/or has a monotonous voice while teaching, it can be difficult for the students to stay focused and interested. There has to be some movement in order to them focus on what is taught on the screen. A tip is that even if you are explaining or lecturing on Zoom, you have to be animated.

How? When explaining or giving instructions, use gestures instead of just using your voice. If you are counting down, then use to hand to count the seconds. If you are providing instructions, use hand motions to show what you want students to do. If you want them to read a passage, use your hands to show that they need to read something. If you want them to write something, use your hands to show that they need to write something down. These visual cues are important so that the students have something else to rely on aside from only your voice.

It might sound silly, but your facial expression cannot be the same. The only visual cues that the students have, aside from the shared screen, is your face. If your face stays the same without any change, the students can possibly lose interest in your class. If the students did a good job, provide positive feedback by offering words of encouragement and smiling and clapping. If you need the students to be serious, then your face needs to show that you are serious. When teachers are in the classroom, the students are able to see all of you. They can see your facial expression and body language. Since via Zoom, they cannot take visual cues from body language, teachers need to make more of an effort to use facial expressions to show what they mean to students.

Lag with Annotations and Shared Audio/Videos

Photo by Ivan Samkov on Pexels.com

Using the annotation function on Zoom and sharing videos are great ways to teach classes and mimic the way that classes are taught in person. The main caveat here is the timing of using the annotation function and sharing of videos. During my observations of GIFLE Zoom classes, I have noticed that the teachers would teach to what they see on the computer monitor. The problem comes from the students side. Just because a teacher wrote something on the screen at a certain moment doesn’t mean that the students saw that. There is a lag between when a teacher writes or draws and when the students see it. Teachers need to be cognizant of this fact when they are explaining something that requires lots of notes or drawings. Pausing and then continuing with the teaching is necessary when writing or drawing something in an online class. Students will be less confused with the lesson if the timing of the teaching and annotation is in sync. Teachers should write first, pause, and continue. This timing needs to be internalized when you are teaching using the annotation function.

The same concept applies to sharing audio or videos. When a teacher presses play on a video, that doesn’t mean the students see it immediately. There is a lag between the teacher’s computer and student’s computer. So when teaching by annotating on a word document or digital whiteboard and sharing audio or video files, teachers need to know that they need to wait a while before continuing onto the next part of the lesson.

Conclusion

When teaching on Zoom, things aren’t always as straightforward as they might be in an in-person class. There are all sorts of small things the teacher needs to keep in mind to have a successful class. However, if you follow the few tips that were presented here, we think that you can improve your online teaching and be well on your way to Zoom success.

2021 Local Officials’ English Program

Local Officials? What is that?

The local officials in Korea are the non-teaching staff that you might see at schools, local district offices, training centers, research institutes, and/or any other government organization. They hold various different occupations and roles in their organizations and/or departments. They could work in accounting, facilities management, information technology, and etc. These people are the rank and file workers in the Korean government organizations. They are the most visible when you visit any administration office.

What was the Local Officials’ English Program?

The Local Officials’ English Program was specifically for any local official in Gyeonggi Province who wanted to improve on their English language proficiency (listening, speaking, reading, writing). The modules were tailored toward helping them use English that is related to their jobs and roles in their respective organizations and/or daily life.

What courses do you offer in this program?

The trainees took all the modules offered in the program. There were two types of modules:

Professional English Presentation (Angie Lee, Eric Flynn, Justin Howard) – One of the most daunting tasks we face in any language is public speaking … and this task is made all the more difficult when presenting in a language different from that which we usually speak. In GIFLE’s Professional English Presentation (PEP) module, trainees will learn a variety of skills for giving polished and memorable speeches in English for a wide variety of occasions, including: introducing professional organizations, informing an audience about a topic, guiding listeners through procedures, and more.

Business English Skills were divided into 2 skills.

Writing (Autumn Wright) – Email writing is an essential 21st century skill, but knowing exactly how to appropriately write one in English can be challenging. In this course, trainees examined different types of emails,  identified parts of emails in English, and learned how to properly compose different types of business-appropriate emails (and responses) in English.

Speaking (Betsey Norman) – In this module, we introduced English vocabulary and phrases related to travel. Trainees were introduced a variety of settings and useful phrases for each “scenario” of a typical overseas trip. Using the phrases practiced in class, trainees were able to complete their own scenario along with adapting the phrases to fit the country they “traveled” to.